Sermon 033 – `Abdulláh ibn `Abbás says that when Amír al-mu’minín set out for war with the people of Basrah

he came to his audience at Dhíqár and saw that he was stitching his shoe.
Then Amír al-mu’minín said to me, “What is the price of this shoe?” I said:
“It has no value now.” He then said, “By Alláh, it should have been more dear to me than ruling over you but for the fact that I may establish right and ward off wrong.” Then he came out and spoke:
                Verily, Alláh sent Muhammad (p.b.u.h.a.h.p.) when none among the Arabs read a book or claimed prophethood. He guided the people till he took them to their (correct) position and their salvation. So their spears (i.e. officers) became straight and their conditions settled down.
                By Alláh, surely I was in their lead till it took shape with its walls. I did not show weakness or cowardice. My existing march is also like that. I shall certainly pierce the wrong till right comes out of its side.
                What (cause of conflict) is there between me and the Quraysh? By Alláh, I have fought them when they were unbelievers and I shall fight them when they have been misled. I shall be the same for them today as I was for them yesterday.
                By Alláh, the Quraysh only take revenge against us because Alláh has given us (i.e. the Holy Prophet and his progeny) preference over them. So, we have allowed them into our domain, whereupon they have become as the former poet says:
By my life, you continued drinking fresh milk every morning,
And (continued) eating fine stoned dates with butter;
We have given you the nobility which you did not possess before;
And surrounded (protected) you with thoroughbred horses and tawny-coloured spears (strong spears) (1).

(1).          In fact, the aim of the poet here is to say that the condition of the addressee’s life, from the moral and material point of view, had been worse in the past, and that the poet and his tribe have given him the best means of leading their lives. But as the result of this improved condition the addressee has completely lost himself and forgotten his past condition and thinks that he had had this kind of life previously.

                Now, Amír al-mu’minín wants to convey the same idea here to the Quraysh as Fatimah (p.b.u.h.) the holy daughter of the Holy Prophet said in her speech on Fadak:

 (O’ People) … You were on the brink of the pit of Hell Fire (Qur’án, 3:103). You were as worthless as the mouthful of water. You were minority like the handful greedy and a spark of the hasty. You were as down-trodden as the dust under feet. You drank dirty water. You ate untanned skin. You were abased and condemned. But Alláh has rescued you through my father Muhammad (p.b.u.h.a.h.p.). . .

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