Sermon 026 – Arabia before proclamation of Prophethood

                Alláh sent Muhammad (p.b.u.h.a.h.p.) as a warner (against vice) for all the worlds and a trustee of His revelation, while you people of Arabia were following the worst religion and you resided among rough stones and venomous serpents. You drank dirty water and ate filthy food. You shed blood of each other and cared not for relationship. Idols are fixed among you and sins are clinging to you.
Part of the same sermon on the attentiveness of the people
after the death of the Holy Prophet
                I looked and found that there is no supporter for me except family, so I refrained from thrusting them unto death. I kept my eyes closed despite motes in them. I drank despite choking of throat. I exercised patience despite trouble in breathing and despite having to take sour colocynth as food.
Part of the same sermon on the settlement between
Mu`áwiyah and `Amr ibn al-`ÁS
                He did not swear allegiance till he got him to agree that he would pay him its price. The hand of this purchaser (of allegiance) may not be successful and the contract of the seller may face disgrace. Now you should take up arms for war and arrange equipment for it. Its flames have grown high and its brightness has increased. Clothe yourself with patience for it is the best to victory.(1)

(1).          Amír al-mu’minín had delivered a sermon before setting off for Nahrawán. These are three parts from it. In the first part he has described the condition of Arabia before Proclamation (of Prophethood); in the second he has referred to circumstances which forced him to keep quiet and in the third he has described the conversation and settlement between Mu`áwiyah and `Amr ibn al-`ÁS. The position of this mutual settlement was that when Amír al-mu’minín sent Jarír ibn `Abdilláh al-Bajalí to Mu`áwiyah to secure his allegiance he detained Jarír under the excuse of giving a reply, and in the meantime he began exploring how far the people of Syria would support him. When he succeeded in making them his supporters by rousing them to avenge `Uthmán’s blood he consulted his brother `Utbah ibn Abí Sufyán. He suggested, “If in this matter `Amr ibn al-`ÁS was associated he would solve most of the difficulties through his sagacity, but he would not be easily  prepared to stabilise your authority unless he got the price he desired for it. If you are ready for this he would prove the best counsellor and helper.” Mu`áwiyah liked this suggestion, sent for `Amr ibn al-`ÁS and discussed with him, and eventually it was settled that he would avenge `Uthmán’s  blood by holding Amír al-mu’minín liable for it in exchange for the  governorship of Egypt, and by whatever means possible would not let Mu`áwiyah’s authority in Syria suffer. Consequently, both of them fulfilled the agreement and kept their words fully.

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